VCBET-Network proudly presents community-based ecotour: Where visitors can be surrounded by nature and rediscover a sustainable way of living...
Ngoc Son - Ngo Luong Nature Reserve Community Eco-Tour
Location: Tan Lac and Lac Son District, Hoa Binh province, Viet Nam (150 km from Ha Noi City)
Ngoc Son Ngo Luong Nature Reserve (NSNL NR) is located in Tan Lac and Lac Son Districts of Hoa Binh Province, has a land area about 19.254 ha and forms the central portion of the greater Pu Luong - Cuc Phuong landscape. The NR was established in 2006 and opened to tourist in 2010.
NSNL NR represents a significant remnant of the limestone forests of northern Vietnam and is a globally important karst ecosystem. NSNL NR has a high levels of biodiversity, contains a range of species listed as globally rare or endangered, and many are protected under Vietnamese law.
Variety scientific researchs about flora, fauna, natural water resources, land use and forest use… funded by the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development (AECID) has provided essential, synthetic, adequate information about NSNL NR.
There are 2,578 households, approximately 14,000 people from seven communes (Nam Son, Bac Son, Ngo Luong, Ngoc Son, Ngoc Lau, Tu Do, and Tan My) live in NSNL NR. This zone is the poorest zone of Hoa Binh – a poor province of Viet Nam.
99% of local people belong to the Muong ethnic group. Muong ethnic group is one of six minority group living in Hoa Binh, and they counts the majority of Hoa Binh’s population (63%). Each group has their own language, culture and traditional festival.
Biodiversity assessments carried out from 2008 to 2010 recorded 667 higher vascular plant species of 373 genera in 140 families in Ngoc Son-Ngo Luong Nature Reserve. Of these: 28 are threatened species listed in the Vietnam Red Data Book 2007, 7 are listed in Vietnam’s endangered species Decree 32/2006, 10 are in the International Union for Conservation Nature (IUCN) Red List 2008, and 14 are species endemic to Vietnam. Some populations of the rare Nghien (Excentrodendron tonkinense) can be found on limestone ranges inside the reserve in Tu Do and Ngoc Son communes. While many of the species here are found in other limestone formations elsewhere in Vietnam, in NSNL NR they are quite large and concentrated, even when compared to those found in neighbouring protected areas (Cuc Phuong National Park and Pu Luong Nature Reserve). Mun (Diospyros mun), a critically endangered species in IUCN’s Red List, is also located in the reserve. Trai (Garcinia fagraeoides), Cho Dai (Annamocarya sinensis), Dinh Vang (Fernandoa bracteata) and Lan Kiem (Cymbidium spp.) are other endangered trees species that are located within Ngoc Son Ngo Luong.
Evergreen forests on limestone are the largest subtype of forested areas in the reserve. Ngoc Son Ngo Luong’s forests provide many economically important plant resources, particularly in terms of their value to local communities. Yet, forests on limestone also hold the most significant biodiversity resources of the reserve and contain the highest variety of rare, endangered, and endemic plant species. The evergreen forest subtype is an important asset for biodiversity preservation and is a valuable resource for scientific research and ecotourism.
At present however this forest subtype is being degraded due to illegal exploitation. Two particularly high value tree species Garcinia fagraeoides and Excentrodendron tonkinense are being overexploited and have become increasingly rare in the reserve. To conserve biodiversity throughout the reserve, it is necessary to strictly protect the forests here in order to save one of the largest, richest, and last limestone ecosystems in northern Vietnam.
Further research carried out in 2011 in NSNL NR demonstrates the critical conservation value of the Mun (Diospyros mun), Nghien (Excentrodendron tonkinense), and Lan Kiem Dai (Cymbidium), Magnolia lilifera, Kmeria septentrionalis, Michelia gioi, and Michelia odorum; Begonia nimgmingensis and Begonia filiformis; and Theana vietnamica Aver., sp. nov These are the most significant species found in NSNL NR, since theyhave never been recorded in Cuc Phuong National Park and Pu Luong Nature Reserve.
Biodiversity assessments carried out from 2008 to 2010 show that NSNL NR contains a high level of faunal biodiversity. There are more than 455 vertebrate species, include: 93 mammal, 253 bird, 48 reptile, 34 amphibian, and 27 fish species. Specifically, 26 animal species are listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) 2006 Red List and more than 57 are listed in the Red Data Book of Vietnam. The value of the nature reserve for invertebrates is still largely unknown, though the species richness is very rich for groups such as butterflies and molluscs.
As in other protected areas in Vietnam, overexploitation is the largest threat to faunal biodiversity. Vietnam’s rapidly growing and increasingly wealthy urban population means increased demand for the profit-driven wildlife trade which has taken a heavy toll on many species. NSNL NR is no exception to this trend, and while wildlife has long been a natural and normal resource for local livelihoods, there is also the illegal income for a few people who traffic in protected species with external actors. Five species: Delacour's Langur (Trachypithecus delacouri), White-cheeked Gibbon (Nomascus leucogenys), Dhole fox (Cuon alpines), Asian Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinera), and Indochinese Tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) are known to have gone extinct in this area during the 20th century.
However, there is evidence that the nature reserve is still home to populations of other emblematic Vietnamese threatened species like the Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus), Clouded Leopard (Pardofelis nebulosa), Serow mountain goat (Carpicornis sumatraensis), King Cobra (Ophyophagus Hannah), Keeled Box Turtle (Pyxidea (Cuora) mouhotti), and Tonkin Asian Frog (Annandia delacouri).
Muong people and culture
Muong Khu are an ancient minority group with a long history in Hoa Binh. The Muong Khu is one of the most iconic ancient Muong groups whose origins are preserved in the epic ‘De Dat, De Nuoc’ (Giving birth to the soil, giving birth to the water).
“Muong” means “unit of residence”, “Khu” means stone, and Muong Khu thus translates as ‘landscape of stone’, below Muong was the village. Vietnamese feudal dynasties laid a foundation of administrative rules that assigned the official name of Ngoc Lau Commune to this land until 1957, at which time Muong Khu – Ngoc Lau was divided into the three current communes: Ngoc Son, Ngoc Lau and Tu Do
The Muong Khu are generally found in rugged and high mountainous areas on the border of Thanh Hoa and Hoa Binh provinces. Muong people are usually warm-hearted, hospitable, and diligent in productive labour. From the time of “De Dat – De Nuoc” (Giving birth to the soil, giving birth to the water), they live in harmony with nature, explore narrow valleys, change it into flat lands and live there until now.
Life in stilt house
In Muong epic, this land is on the way that the army of Dit Dang King found “Chu” tree: copper trunk, brass flower, tin leaf, and bring it to the plain. This story reflects the way ancient Viet found the copper and developed metallurgy.
In the late 14th and early 15th centuries, the Muong assisted the military forces led by Vietnam’s King Le Loi in the Lam Son uprising which halted the aggression of the Ming Chinese. In the mid 18th century, Muong Khu was one of the important military bases of the Le Duy Mat uprising against the Trinh Lords and is now home to many historical monuments of that era which are being maintained in the Bai Bang area…
Due to the ruggedly mountainous topography, the lifestyle here is quite distinctive, people live largely in harmony with nature and still maintain many traditional aspects of Muong culture including:
++ Residing in stilt houses:
++ Traditional costume: Women’s clothing is very original and beautiful. They are all handmade weaving products. With creative mind, Muong people make their clothes with colourful brocade in harmoniously decorative shuttle-woven fabrics. Researchers have found these same patterns used on ancient Dong Son drum engravings from more than 2,500 years ago.
++ Cuisine is also very special here. The Muong’s dishes are very attractive, the most popular dishes are: “Boiled Springtime Bamboo Shoots”, “Chicken Cooked with Sour Bamboo Shoots and Doi Seeds”, “Sang Vegetable Soup”, “Violet Glutinous Rice” and Can Wine (a fragrant rice wine drunk from a shared jar through long, arcing bamboo straws).
Co La (food be presented on banana leaves)
++ Popular heritage: The space of Cong Chieng (gong music) culture, a performance called Sac Bua art (xec bua) includes 12 instruments played by 12 girls, while other music performances include Chieng music, love song duets, and mythic poems that tell ancient stories.
++ Recreation: The Muong Khu still maintain many popular ancient games such as “Danh Mang” whose players are typically women, “Con Throwing”, and “Danh Cu” for children.
Like a princess awaking to a new life after a long sleep in the quiet castle. The Muong Khu are becoming increasingly connected to the outside world and are opening their hearts and homes to welcome all tourists. Yet, there are still many difficult questions about sustainable development, forest conservation, and preserving traditional culture. Only then can Muong Khu retain a truly Muong Khu identity and do visitors come to Muong Khu…
Objectives of the tour
VCBET-Network coorperate with Ngoc Son Ngo Luong nature reserve to offer the community based ecotour.
- To preserve local culture.
- To improve local communities’ livelihoods.
- To support nature conservation.
- To reduce family violence gender inequality.
- To mitigate and adapt to global climate change.
- To provide cultural exchange between tourists and local hosts.
- To empower and train local communities to manage CBET independently in the future.
- To gradually improve the capacity of the local community.
(*) Your travel to NSNL NR will contribute directly to forest conservation, wildlife conservation as well as poverty reduction for the people here. 10% tour revenue will be donated to the local conservation, community coordination and poverty reduction fund (NSNL NR management board). This is also the mission of true community based ecotourism.
We develop community based tourism in NSNL NR as a beacon for other areas in Vietnam to learn and develop community based ecotourism together.
Located in the mountainous area of North Viet Nam, NSNL NR is home to traditional villages of the Muong ethnic minority. Visiting Ngoc Son Ngo Luong, you will feel the simple but majestic beauty of the scenery, experience ordinary but also interesting life in local community. With the aim of developing sustainable tourism, we offer the opportunity for you to enjoy peaceful life, wild nature in the best hygienic conditions and with the best service. You are an important part of helping us preserve the cultural, natural value and helping poor local people improve their livelyhoods.
- Live with the local people in a home stay, experience a completely different lifestyle, gain a deeper understanding of the rich indigenous cultures and local daily life.
- Trek through the forest, contemplate the majestic nature. Pass clear streams, enjoying the beauty of Mo waterfall, Mu waterfall. Have the opportunity to see rare plants such as: Nghien, mun and many types of orchid, rare animal such as gibbon, many species of birds…
- Bike along nature reserve, enjoy the picturesque scenery of mountain and villages (Long term tour)
- Raft on the Buoi river, listen to a variety of bird songs and observe local fisher man at work.
- Participate in daily activities with local people: farming, weaving, and cooking traditional dishes...
- Watch traditional music show, enjoy special traditional dishes…
- Visitors can design their itinerary with the support of experienced local guides.
Muong Khu Trekking route
Location and Name of Route
The Muong Khu Trekking Route is covered on three provinces of Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa and Ninh Binh. An exciting and adventurous three-day trek flows quietly through NSNL NR and CPNP. The name of route “Muong Khu” originated from one of ancient residents of Muong in general, the area the route passes through.
Data of Route: Length, Features, Starting/Ending Points
The nature trail was set up, 2009-2010, in a rare example of limestone forest habitat and noted for its high biodiversity and high rates of endemism, representing a significant remnant of the northern limestone forests of Vietnam, a globally important karst ecosystem.
The Muong Khu Trekking Route is a 60-km long walk, starting/ending at the NR HQs and ending/ starting at the Bong Center (17 km away Endangered Primate Rescue Center and Botanical Garden of CPNP).
The Objectives of The Route
The trail is designed to give trekkers the combination of two key attractions of the landscape; and the limestone forest and traditional culture. Trekking through a variety of habitats: regenerating secondary forest, and mature forest of tropical area, getting the opportunity to see some wildlife, crossing small streams, climbing over limestone rocks, skirting the foothills, walking between rice fields, observing and chatting with local people sometimes in traditional dress, staying in homestays of ancient Muong hill-tribe, enjoying local foods, looking at the landscape from view points and swimming in streams and multi-cascade waterfalls.
Besides, the trail is designed with the hope it is the potential way to generate livelihood benefits, and crucially, associate in the minds of local people, the need for environmental and cultural conservation and preservation.
The full 60 km can be walked with colored alternative of easy, medium, difficult and adventurous levels. You may choose to break off and return to the entrance if you do not have time to complete the full trail.
Please help us keep the Muong Khu Trekking Route clean and tidy:
Do not throw litter away, but take it away with you.
Please do not pick flower, collect or kill any wildlife (including insects and other small animals).
Please follow the signals on the route and interact with local guide, in order to preserve nature and your own safety.
Please be respectful toward locals and traditions as the partly trail lies on Muong villages.
Enjoy the unique and friendly culture of the Muong Khu and Muong Khu!
Some photo tour:
Thank you! Hope you will have a pleasant trip.
Address: Tráng Village, Lâm Xa Commune, Ba Thuoc District, Thanh Hoa Province (Distance from Hanoi: 150km)
Pu Luong Natural Reserve Community Eco-Tour
Location and Terrain
The Nature Reserve lies within the boundaries of Quan Hoa and Ba Thuoc Districts in the northwest of Thanh Hoa province. In the north-east, the nature reserve adjacent to Mai Chau, Tan Lac and Lac Son of Hoa Binh Province. The terrain of Pu Luong includes two mountains running parallely towards northwest-southeast and be separated by a valley in between. In this valley there are some residential areas and a fairly large area of agricultural land, which is not included in the area.
Two mountains in Pu Luong nature reserve have opposite type of geomorphologic caused by the differences in geology. The small one in the south-west are formed mainly from igneous and metamorphic rocks, which include double real forest cover ups and shallow valley. The bigger one in the northeast formed by a fragmented in region limestone, this is a part of the continuous limestone which run from Cuc Phuong National Park to Son La Province. The elevation of the nature reserve is from 60 m to 1667 m.
Primary forest of Pu Luong nature reserve is in the type of seasonal tropical evergreen closed forest. It has five main types of forest subtypes exist as a result of high-diversity and substrates floors: Lowland broadleaved forest on limestone (60-700 m); Lowland broadleaf forest on schist and clay (60-1000 m); Deciduous broad limestone base (700-950 m); Coniferous forest limestone base (700-850 m) and Broad-leaved forests foothills Bazan (1000-1650 m).
There are three primary forest subtypes recognized for their essential sense. The first one is primary lowland forest on limestone and shale distributed in the eastern boundary of the area, located in Co Lung. Primeval forest in the area range from 60 to 1000 m, at the lowest altitude of the high plant species diversity. The second is the primary coniferous forest foot limestone restricted in some high mountains of Co Lung which exist many valuable plant species especially all kinds of epiphytes. Globally threatened species Pinus kwangtungensis has created significant component of the flora in this forest subtype. The third is the steam forest primeval mountain base living on the minerals that exist in the high mountain area of some southwest peaks of the nature reserve.
Counting detailly, currently the area has 1,109 species of vascular plants, belong to 447 genera, 152 families, including 42 species are endemic to Vietnam and 4 species are listed in the World Red Book.
Kast stone system of karst ecosystem preserved many caves with the mysterious appearance of nature. Rare orchids creates beautiful special scene for the forest. Besides, the primeval forest with precious wood species thought to have become extinct but found in Pu Luong. The nature here still is mystery, with the cave system is the great refuge of the bats.
The wildlife fauna in Pu Luong has many specific features such as: red belly squirrel, gaur, golden-face chicken, ect. According to documents of the management of natural reserve, Pu Luong is home for 598 species belonging to 130 families of vertebrate animals, including 51 rare species (including 26 mammals, five species of bats, 6 species of birds, 5 species of freshwater fish, 6 species of reptiles). About the vertebrate fauna, a report said there was a total of 84 mammal species (including 24 bat species), 162 species of birds, 55 species of fish, 28 species of reptiles and 13 species of amphibians have been recorded. The insect fauna at Pu Luong has at least 158 species of butterflies, 96 species of terrestrial molluscs, including 12 species of molluscs may be endemic to the region.
In particular, Pu Luong is a suitable habitat of the primates, including langurs white shorts (also known as white butt langur) - a rare primates, the most characteristic of our country.
The vast forest untouched in Pu Luong is also home to many animals, including rare species such as: bull, tiger, clouded leopard, floral leopard, bear, horse, deer, pangolins, owls, wild boar, ect. Among those animals, there are 36 species have been listed in the Red Data Book of Vietnam and worldwide. Especially there was 13 species are threatened with extinction globally.
White butt langur
Thai community culture
Pu Luong is called by the Thai ethnic minority which means the highest mountain in the region.Thai people are also the most crowded and ancient ethnic minority living in Pu Luong.
People and daily life:
Recent decades, Thai men often wear Western clothing, but women are still attached to the shirt, skirt, scarf and traditional jewelry, they live in houses on stilts, each village usually has 40-50 roofs adjacent to each other. Black Thai people use shell shaped roof, decorate both ends of the roof with things retransmissed by the ancient. Thais have continuous custom which groom live in bride’s house, a few years later, when the couple had a new baby they would move to husband’s house. They believe death is to continue to "live" in the afterlife. So, the funeral ceremony is mean to drop the dead to "foretaste of heaven". Thais have many surnames, each of them often have different regulations. Thais fellow ancestor worship, worship of heaven and earth, and their village. Associated with the harvest is seasonal rituals. Annually, opening ceremony is held for welcoming the new year thunder. Myths, tales, legends, stories, poems, folk songs, ect. are valuable treasure of their traditional literature. Thais love to sing, especially “all-around” is the way of making poems or singing along song lyrics, adding musical instruments and dances. Many dances such as Xoe dance and Sap dance, which are very beautiful and attractive.
Lam rice- an attractive traditional dish:
Who have been enjoying Lam rice dish one time, they might feel the life, culture and flavor of the Northwest mountains and forests. Lam rice is made from glutinous rice cooked in bamboo tubes, burned from 60-70 cm tall, thick, length film inside. When cooking, people often choose young plants, cut fuels, put rice and water into the tube, leave for about 2-3 hours, use the line as a button, then burn in the fire. When the rice is cooked, use a sharp knife to strip bark, cross-cut pieces and eat slowly with salted sesame; the sticky flavor of the grill, with tasting of salty seasame, the sweetness of bamboo will contribute in one unforgettable feeling. This dish is easy to make, with available materials; ancients usually use this kind of rice for cultivation, hunting for a long time in the forest, or in parties, ect. Lam rice is also used as a dish during childbirth diet of women.
Every year on the occasion of festivals like the early spring, the hunting fairs, fishing collectives, ceremony community activities, ect. Thais often organize parties with singing, dancing and many traditional games.
Con throwing contest: Con is throwed over a circle hung at a height of 10-20 meters; people stand far from 10-20 meters, male and female stand in two side freely throwing, who throw Con over the circle get awards. In the middle of the game, a boy can throw Con for a girl he like, if she catch it ethusiasticly, it means she will accept the relationship. After the game finished, it’s gonna be having beautiful loves.
To Ma Le game: This is a game for group need strength, skillful and speech. It gives prominance to the sprit of unite and health.
Aims of Community based Ecotourism
VCBET-Network in collaboration with Pu Luong Nature Reserve organized these tours to develop community ecotourism in association with nature conservation.
→ Preserving local culture.
→ Improving the lives of poor and indigenous people.
→ Supporting for Nature Conservation
→ Reducing family violence and encouraging gender equality.
→ Reducing and adapting to global climate change.
→ Cultural exchange between locals and tourists.
→ Empowering to local communities (to manage the operation and equitable benefit sharing from community based ecotourism independently in the future).
→ Step by step to improve the capacity of local people
Your trip to Pu Luong Nature Reserve will directly contribute to the forest conservation, wildlife conservation, as well as contribute to alleviate porvety for the people here, there are 10% value of your tour will be contributing to the Conservation Fund, and community coordination with local poverty reduction. This is the mission of the community based eco-tourism development associated with the nature conservation.
We have completed the perfect model of community-based eco-tourism associated with the Pu Luong Nature Reserve in order to become a standard model for other parts of Viet Nam.
Located in the northwest of Thanh Hoa Province, Pu Luong Nature Reserve is keeping the value of rich natural landscape, diversity of flora and fauna, which is the point to attract those love to explore nature.
Come to Pu Luong, visitors will learn and explore the customs and practices of the Thais casual, rustic but colorful, participating in daily life activities, traditional games; enjoying delicious ethnic food, especially "Bitter soup" with full of bitter, spicy, sweet, fleshy flavors but the ultimately sweet aftertaste would save forever. Guests take rest and stay in houses in stilts with local people, known as homestay. Beside the fire, host and guests can drink wine and a enjoy Xap dance, Quat dance with traditonal singing.
For those who love adventure and challenges, climb to conquer the summit of Pu Luong, the highest mountain with an elevation of 1700m will be an unforgettable experience. The tough, hard after a long climbing more than 5 hours seems to disappear when seeing down from high above the whole majestic beauty of Pu Luong valley. If you choose to drive along Route 15C, whatever directions, visitors can sense they are in harmony with nature, pass by villages lying back against the mountain, the beautiful terraced fields intersperse with green primitive forests.
Some photo tour:
Vườn quốc gia Ba Bể là một vườn quốc gia, rừng đặc dụng, khu du lịch sinh thái của Việt Nam
TOUR DU LỊCH SINH THÁI CỘNG ĐỒNG KHU BẢO TỒN BA BỂ
Giới thiệu chung
Vườn quốc gia Ba Bể là một vườn quốc gia, rừng đặc dụng, khu du lịch sinh thái của Việt Nam, nằm trên địa bàn 5 xã Nam Mẫu, Khang Ninh, Cao Thương, Quảng Khê, Cao Trĩ thuộc huyện Ba Bể, tỉnh Bắc Kạn, với trung tâm là hồ Ba Bể.
Vườn quốc gia Ba Bể là một điểm du lịch sinh thái lý tưởng với phong cảnh kỳ thú và sự đa dạng sinh học với diện tích 7.610 ha, trong đó có 3.226 ha là phân khu bảo vệ nghiêm ngặt và hơn 300 ha diện tích mặt hồ, là khu vực giàu có về đa dạng sinh học, có nhiều nét đặc trưng của hệ sinh thái điển hình rừng thường xanh trên núi đá vôi và hồ trên núi, rừng thường xanh đất thấp.
Trung tâm của vườn là hồ Ba Bể với chiều dài tới 8 km và chiều rộng 800 m. Nằm trên độ cao 178 m, hồ Ba Bể là "hồ tự nhiên trên núi có ý nghĩa đặc biệt quan trọng ở Việt Nam". Nằm trên vùng núi đá vôi, vốn có rất nhiều hang động caxtơ….mà hồ vẫn tồn tại với cảnh đẹp mê người là điều diệu kì, hấp dẫn mà thiên nhiên ban tặng.
Vườn Quốc gia Ba Bể là nơi cư ngụ của hơn 3.000 cư dân thuộc 5 nhóm dân tộc khác nhau. Hơn 2.000 năm qua, cư dân người Tày đã định cư tại nơi này và trở thành tộc người chiếm đa số ở Ba Bể. Người Nùng, người Dao đến cư ngụ khoảng 100 năm về trước. Trong khi đó người Kinh và người Mông chỉ mới di cư đến.
Trong khu vực Vườn Quốc gia Ba Bể có tổng số 13 bản, một số bản chỉ có duy nhất một tộc người sinh sống. Thông thường, cư dân người Tày ở tại những dải đất thấp dọc theo sông, suối. Cư dân người Dao cư ngụ lưng chừng núi. Cư dân người Mông sinh sống trên các vùng núi cao.
Nằm giữa những núi rừng miền Bắc Việt Nam, khu Vườn Quốc gia Ba Bể là nơi ở của đông đảo cộng đồng dân tộc Tày, Nùng, Dao, Mông. Đến với Vườn Quốc gia Ba Bể, quý khách sẽ được cảm nhận vẻ đẹp mộc mạc mà hùng vĩ của khung cảnh, trải nghiệm cuộc sống bình dị nhưng không kém thú vị cùng những người dân bản địa. Với mục tiêu phát triển du lịch bền vững, chúng tôi mang đến cơ hội giúp quý khách tận hưởng cuộc sống yên bình với thiên nhiên còn hoang sơ trong điều kiện vệ sinh và phục vụ tốt nhất. Qúy khách chính là một phần quan trọng giúp chúng tôi bảo tồn các giá trị văn hóa, tự nhiên nơi đây, giúp người dân cải thiện đời sống còn nhiều thiếu thốn.
- Sống cùng những người dân bản, trải nghiệm một cuộc sống hoàn toàn khác, hiểu sâu hơn về nét văn hóa bản địa phong phú và những công việc hàng ngày của họ.
- Đi bộ dọc theo tuyến đi bộ, ngắm nhìn thiên nhiên hùng vĩ. Đi qua các con suối trong vắt, tận hưởng vẻ đẹp của thác Pác Ngòi. Có cơ hội quan sát những loài thực vật quý: Cây nghiến, cây đinh và nhiều loại lan đặc biệt, những loài động vật quý như voọc, các loài cá…
- Đi xe đạp dọc khu Vườn Quốc gia để ngắm nhìn thiên nhiên, rừng núi và các bản làng đẹp như tranh (Tour dài ngày hoặc Tour liên tuyến)
- Đi thuyền độc mộc trên Hồ Ba Bể, lắng nghe âm thanh đa dạng của các loại chim, quan sát công việc của ngư dân địa phương.
- Tham gia các hoạt động cùng người dân bản địa như: Gặt lúa, dệt thổ cẩm, học nấu ăn, đánh bắt cá, làm rượu ngô...
- Xem văn nghệ, thưởng thức các món đặc sản địa phương,…
- Tham gia các lễ hội mang đậm màu săc văn hóa: Lễ hội Lồng Tồng…
- Du khách có thể tự thiết kế lịch trình của mình dưới sự hỗ trợ trực tiếp của hướng dẫn viên địa phương nhiều kinh nghiệm.
Hành trình Tour 3 ngày – 2 đêm.
NGÀY 1: HÀ NỘI - BẮC KẠN (ĂN TRƯA/TỐI)
7h30: Khởi hành từ Hà Nội trên xe ô tô tới Bắc Kạn.
11h30: Quý khách dùng bữa trưa tại Bắc Kan.
13h00: Quý khách tiếp tục cuộc hành trình tới hồ Ba Bể theo một trong 2 cách: đi ô tô hoặc xe ôm từ Bắc Kan vào Ba Bể để khám phá 3 con đèo: Vi Hương, Mỹ Phương, Chu Hương và đi đò vào bản Bó Lù, tiếp tục đi bộ vào bản người Tày
17h00: Nghỉ ngơi tại bản người Tày
18h00: Quý khách ăn tối tại bản và tự do đi thăm quan bản.
NGÀY 2: THAM QUAN HỒ BA BỂ (ĂN SÁNG/TRƯA/TỐI)
05h00 sáng: Đi tham quan hồ Ba Bể hoang sơ trong màn sương bằng thuyền, thả mình vào không gian tĩnh lặng của núi rừng, ngắm vẻ đẹp thiên nhiên hùng vĩ và tươi đẹp, nơi có sông, suối, rừng…
11h00: Quý khách có cơ hội thưởng thức các món ăn đặc sản: thịt lợn gác bếp, uống rượu ngô, cá nướng, cơm lam, tôm chua, cá chua,….
13h00: thăm làng du lịch Pác Ngòi nơi vẫn còn giữ nguyên nét dân tộc của người bản địa, được khám phá những ngôi nhà cổ hàng trăm năm tuổi hay quay quần bên bếp lửa nghe kể truyền thuyết về Hồ Ba Bể.
18h00: Ăn tối, thưởng thức đêm văn nghệ dân tộc được biểu diễn thông qua cây đàn Tính đặc trưng tại bản Pác Ngòi.
NGÀY 3: HỒ BA BỂ - HÀ NỘI (ĂN SÁNG)
8h00 sáng: Ăn sáng xong, xe đón quý khách trở về Hà Nội
Một số hình ảnh của Tour du lịch:
Mắm tôm chua
Đi bộ trong rừng
Apart from the birding, Vietnam also has a very rich culture, a wide diversity of people, and great scenery, making it worthwhile to visit for both birders and non-birders alike.
Regrettably, many people still associate Vietnam with war and hardship. In reality, nothing could be further from the truth. Vietnam today is a fast-developing country with good infrastructure, extremely friendly people, and cheap to boot. Apart from the birding, Vietnam also has a very rich culture, a wide diversity of people, and great scenery, making it worthwhile to visit for both birders and non-birders alike.
Vietnam, being 1,600 km long, with over 3,000 km of coastline, has a wide variety of habitats and seasons. There is really no best time to visit Vietnam, it will almost always rain in one part of the country, and be hot and dry in another part. In the very north, it can get quite cool; it even snows occasionally, in winter, whereas the south is hot and humid year-round. However, from a birding point of view, winter is probably best for such specialties as Black-faced Spoonbill, Sarus Crane, and Spoon-billed Sandpiper, amongst others.
Although much of the forest that used to cover Vietnam has been destroyed, there is still excellent birding to be done here. However, due to excessive hunting, the best birding is confined to the numerous national parks in Vietnam. There are a number of tour operators who specialize in nature and birding trips, but the country can easily be explored independently. Although English is not much spoken outside the cities, patience, sign language and a good sense of humor will get you anywhere. With ten endemics, the largest number in mainland SE Asia, and a total of 826 species, Vietnam must rank as one of the prime countries in Asia for bird watching. Visiting Cat Tien, Da Lat, Bach Ma, Cuc Phuong, Xuan Thuy and Sapa during a 3-week trip should easily net 200+ species.
Vietnam is a very safe country to travel (apart from the traffic); with crime being primarily confined to pick-pocketing, especially in Saigon. One word of warning though: Parts of Vietnam were heavily bombed and mined during the wars, certain areas, especially along the old DMZ are still no-go areas. Do stick to well-trodden paths in those regions.
Cat Tien National Park
Cat Tien National Park is one of the top birding spots in Vietnam, but enough has been written about it elsewhere to need mention here, anyone making the trip to Da Lat should visit Cat Tien en route.
Cuc Phuong National Park
This National Park was established in 1962, making it the first National Park in Vietnam. Only 120km South-West of Hanoi, it can be reached in less than three hours. The main entrance is accessible with public transport; the best place to stay though is Bong substation, a further 16km into the park. Try and avoid weekends, as it can get very busy and noisy, Cuc Phuong is a popular day trip for school classes out of Hanoi. With 307 species of birds counted so far, you should plan at least a couple of night's stay. Silver Pheasant are easy to see on the road between the main gate and the substation. Other birds of note are Pied Falconet, Red-collared Woodpecker, Silver-breasted Broadbill, Blue-rumped and Bar-bellied Pittas (common on the trails around the substation); and Limestone Wren-Babbler in the valley to the Silver-cloudy Top.
Da Lat Plateau
One of the three Endemic Bird Areas identified by BirdLife International in Vietnam, the plateau is home to such endemics and near-endemics as Collared Laughingthrush, Vietnamese Greenfinch, and Grey-crowned Crocias. The best places to bird are Tuyen Lam Lake, close to the town of Da Lat, and Mount Lang Bien. Once again, accommodation is plentiful, Da Lat is a must with newly-wed Vietnamese, and transportation can easily be arranged locally. About 300km from Saigon the road trip takes about 5-6 hours, and there are daily flights.
Located in the far North-west of Vietnam, near the Chinese border, Sapa is located close to Mount Fan Si Pan (the highest peak in SE Asia at 3,142 meters) and the Hoang Lien Nature Reserve. The location and altitude mean seeing birds that will be hard to see elsewhere in Vietnam. Sapa can easily be reached from Hanoi by night train, there is plenty of accommodation in all price ranges, and excursions can easily be organized locally. Ham Rong Botanical Garden in Sapa is well worth checking out early in the morning for Blue Whistling Thrush, Blue and Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush, Flycatchers, Bulbuls and Parrotbills. The road between the Silver Waterfall and the Pass of Clouds a few kilometers out of Sapa makes for some excellent birding, the only place in Vietnam where Little Forktail has regularly been seen.
Tra Su Cajuput Forest
This is a privately owned Mangrove Forest about one hours drive from Chau Doc, near the Cambodian Border. Whilst commercially used, the enormous heronry at the core is protected. It can only be reached by boat, arrangements can be made at the entrance (be ready for herons expelling various body fluids on you). The heronry holds hundreds, if not thousands, of Little Egrets, Cattle Egrets, Black-crowned Night Herons and Javan Pond Herons. Darters are also common, as are Lesser Whistling-ducks and Spot-billed Ducks.
This is the Red River Delta, about 120km South-East of Hanoi. A Ramsar site, it is best visited in winter for specialties like Black-faced Spoonbill, Nordman's Greenshank, Spoon-billed Sandpiper and Saunder's Gull. A word of advice: not only is Xuan Thuy extremely hard to find if you don't speak Vietnamese, it is also inside a military area, as I found out in person, the soldiers are very suspicious of birders, loaded with optics, that have not made prior arrangements. It is advisable to make prior arrangements for a permit and accommodation through, for example, the BirdLife International office in Hanoi. Accommodation is just more than basic, the food is horrible, and the boat trip to the mud flats (a must) a real rip-off, but the quality of birds more than makes up for it.