Address: Tráng Village, Lâm Xa Commune, Ba Thuoc District, Thanh Hoa Province (Distance from Hanoi: 150km)
Pu Luong Natural Reserve Community Eco-Tour
Location and Terrain
The Nature Reserve lies within the boundaries of Quan Hoa and Ba Thuoc Districts in the northwest of Thanh Hoa province. In the north-east, the nature reserve adjacent to Mai Chau, Tan Lac and Lac Son of Hoa Binh Province. The terrain of Pu Luong includes two mountains running parallely towards northwest-southeast and be separated by a valley in between. In this valley there are some residential areas and a fairly large area of agricultural land, which is not included in the area.
Two mountains in Pu Luong nature reserve have opposite type of geomorphologic caused by the differences in geology. The small one in the south-west are formed mainly from igneous and metamorphic rocks, which include double real forest cover ups and shallow valley. The bigger one in the northeast formed by a fragmented in region limestone, this is a part of the continuous limestone which run from Cuc Phuong National Park to Son La Province. The elevation of the nature reserve is from 60 m to 1667 m.
Primary forest of Pu Luong nature reserve is in the type of seasonal tropical evergreen closed forest. It has five main types of forest subtypes exist as a result of high-diversity and substrates floors: Lowland broadleaved forest on limestone (60-700 m); Lowland broadleaf forest on schist and clay (60-1000 m); Deciduous broad limestone base (700-950 m); Coniferous forest limestone base (700-850 m) and Broad-leaved forests foothills Bazan (1000-1650 m).
There are three primary forest subtypes recognized for their essential sense. The first one is primary lowland forest on limestone and shale distributed in the eastern boundary of the area, located in Co Lung. Primeval forest in the area range from 60 to 1000 m, at the lowest altitude of the high plant species diversity. The second is the primary coniferous forest foot limestone restricted in some high mountains of Co Lung which exist many valuable plant species especially all kinds of epiphytes. Globally threatened species Pinus kwangtungensis has created significant component of the flora in this forest subtype. The third is the steam forest primeval mountain base living on the minerals that exist in the high mountain area of some southwest peaks of the nature reserve.
Counting detailly, currently the area has 1,109 species of vascular plants, belong to 447 genera, 152 families, including 42 species are endemic to Vietnam and 4 species are listed in the World Red Book.
Kast stone system of karst ecosystem preserved many caves with the mysterious appearance of nature. Rare orchids creates beautiful special scene for the forest. Besides, the primeval forest with precious wood species thought to have become extinct but found in Pu Luong. The nature here still is mystery, with the cave system is the great refuge of the bats.
The wildlife fauna in Pu Luong has many specific features such as: red belly squirrel, gaur, golden-face chicken, ect. According to documents of the management of natural reserve, Pu Luong is home for 598 species belonging to 130 families of vertebrate animals, including 51 rare species (including 26 mammals, five species of bats, 6 species of birds, 5 species of freshwater fish, 6 species of reptiles). About the vertebrate fauna, a report said there was a total of 84 mammal species (including 24 bat species), 162 species of birds, 55 species of fish, 28 species of reptiles and 13 species of amphibians have been recorded. The insect fauna at Pu Luong has at least 158 species of butterflies, 96 species of terrestrial molluscs, including 12 species of molluscs may be endemic to the region.
In particular, Pu Luong is a suitable habitat of the primates, including langurs white shorts (also known as white butt langur) - a rare primates, the most characteristic of our country.
Pu Luong is called by the Thai ethnic minority which means the highest mountain in the region.Thai people are also the most crowded and ancient ethnic minority living in Pu Luong.
People and daily life:
Recent decades, Thai men often wear Western clothing, but women are still attached to the shirt, skirt, scarf and traditional jewelry, they live in houses on stilts, each village usually has 40-50 roofs adjacent to each other. Black Thai people use shell shaped roof, decorate both ends of the roof with things retransmissed by the ancient. Thais have continuous custom which groom live in bride’s house, a few years later, when the couple had a new baby they would move to husband’s house. They believe death is to continue to "live" in the afterlife. So, the funeral ceremony is mean to drop the dead to "foretaste of heaven". Thais have many surnames, each of them often have different regulations. Thais fellow ancestor worship, worship of heaven and earth, and their village. Associated with the harvest is seasonal rituals. Annually, opening ceremony is held for welcoming the new year thunder. Myths, tales, legends, stories, poems, folk songs, ect. are valuable treasure of their traditional literature. Thais love to sing, especially “all-around” is the way of making poems or singing along song lyrics, adding musical instruments and dances. Many dances such as Xoe dance and Sap dance, which are very beautiful and attractive.
Who have been enjoying Lam rice dish one time, they might feel the life, culture and flavor of the Northwest mountains and forests. Lam rice is made from glutinous rice cooked in bamboo tubes, burned from 60-70 cm tall, thick, length film inside. When cooking, people often choose young plants, cut fuels, put rice and water into the tube, leave for about 2-3 hours, use the line as a button, then burn in the fire. When the rice is cooked, use a sharp knife to strip bark, cross-cut pieces and eat slowly with salted sesame; the sticky flavor of the grill, with tasting of salty seasame, the sweetness of bamboo will contribute in one unforgettable feeling. This dish is easy to make, with available materials; ancients usually use this kind of rice for cultivation, hunting for a long time in the forest, or in parties, ect. Lam rice is also used as a dish during childbirth diet of women.
Every year on the occasion of festivals like the early spring, the hunting fairs, fishing collectives, ceremony community activities, ect. Thais often organize parties with singing, dancing and many traditional games.
Con throwing contest: Con is throwed over a circle hung at a height of 10-20 meters; people stand far from 10-20 meters, male and female stand in two side freely throwing, who throw Con over the circle get awards. In the middle of the game, a boy can throw Con for a girl he like, if she catch it ethusiasticly, it means she will accept the relationship. After the game finished, it’s gonna be having beautiful loves.
To Ma Le game: This is a game for group need strength, skillful and speech. It gives prominance to the sprit of unite and health.
VCBET-Network in collaboration with Pu Luong Nature Reserve organized these tours to develop community ecotourism in association with nature conservation.
→ Improving the lives of poor and indigenous people.
→ Supporting for Nature Conservation
→ Reducing family violence and encouraging gender equality.
→ Reducing and adapting to global climate change.
→ Cultural exchange between locals and tourists.
→ Empowering to local communities (to manage the operation and equitable benefit sharing from community based ecotourism independently in the future).
→ Step by step to improve the capacity of local people
Located in the northwest of Thanh Hoa Province, Pu Luong Nature Reserve is keeping the value of rich natural landscape, diversity of flora and fauna, which is the point to attract those love to explore nature.
Some photo tour: