Hanoi

 

                                      

 

Hanoi is the Vietnam's capital, is one of the most popular destinations within his keeping the historical and cultural, is a pride of the people of Vietnam in general and Hanoi in particular.Hanoi is surrounded by two rivers in northern Vietnam: Red River and Day River. It is said that the name "Hanoi" is derived from the meaning "inside the two rivers". The ancient traces of this river created many beautiful lakes and romantic for the capital Hanoi. Ho is the green lung of Ha Noi, plays an important role in regulating the climate for all parts of the city.

 "Hanoi 36 Ward Street," is a familiar phrase in Ha Noi.Trong past, each street is named specialist for a specific item. That explains why Hanoi has 36 names very close. Currently, although many of the streets that no longer sell the product is named, some still keep the small business activity is the livelihood of the people. The focus of this city in the old quarter of Hanoi - located near Hoan Kiem Lake in central Hanoi.

Called the "City for Peace" - Hanoi center deserves a political, economic, cultural and tourism in Vietnam - one of the most interesting destinations and safe for foreign tourists Vietnam.

 

ANCIENT CITY OF HANOI
Where is the old town?
Hanoi Old Quarter is located between Lake Hoan Kiem, Long Bien Bridge, the old ramparts, and a wall of Hanoi. In fact, the old town includes 36 streets, which later evolved into a cluster of villages on stilts, and was unified by Chinese domination population. In the past, Chinese people called Hanoi is "dominated Annam" or "protecting the South".

 

How old are these streets?
This will be a big surprise when you know that the old town has been formed at the time of King Ly Thai To selected Thang Long as the capital in 1010, that is, the street has a history of over 1,000 years old, becoming crowded and lively in the 15th century Hanoi what makes it unique is becoming Hanoi retains the ancient architecture is the 15th century to now, the city became where the oldest continuously developed in Vietnam.

 

 

 

The name of the street is derived from?
Due to a long age, the neighborhood known as "Old Town" or "36 streets" (includes 36 streets). Similar to the Guilded age of Europe, 36 districts of Hanoi "is a version of the guild concept of Vietnam. In the past, the artist moved to the capital to do business, they gathered together in this area to share the resource. as a result, many streets have been named after the goods are sold on the street. Hang Bun (Bun), Hang Ma (paper Products), Pho Hang Bac (Silver), ... are examples of the streets bear the names of the products sold there.


The phrase "36 streets" often confusing much for most people, "Street" means a road or a place for merchants to gather business, while "Ward", a district or a guild of the professional artisans (Ward rowing, worship, etc ...).

Street and specialized craft guilds: Most tourists eager to explore the old quarter known for professional craft of every street. Hang Gai offers silk clothing accessories, embroidery, and other silver products. Hang Quat, the street that formerly sold silk and feather fan, now selling funeral items go under the brightly colored and festive flags, clothing for religious objects. SKU sparkling with glossy paper products, such as packaging gifts, wedding decorations and miniature paper objects to burn for the dead. Lan Ong street is interesting with flavors emanating from the herbal medicinal products include: leaves, roots, bark, and powders, ... Come here, you might feel as if you are in an area combines ancient architecture and the types of products!

 

36 streets, or more than that?
Although the old part of Hanoi is often called "36 streets", with more than 36 actual streets. Some researchers believe that the number 36 to the 15th century when there could have been 36 guild locations, the workshop area, not the street. When the street was developed later, Guild names have been applied to the streets. Others attribute 36 to a more abstract concept. Number nine in Asia represents the concepts of "many". Nine times in four directions into 36, which simply means "many". In fact, there are now more than 70 streets in the area.
Although many of the streets are no longer selling products under the given name, some still have. Today, the old town becomes the unique attractions of Hanoi, and is the inspiration for many writers, poets, painters.

 

HO CHI MINH Relic
Vietnam boasts a first presidents - President Ho Chi Minh (Uncle Ho), the National Liberation hero, the founder of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the people are grateful to build mobile The area named in Hanoi.
President Ho Chi Minh was born on 19/05/1890 in Nghe An province and died on Thursday 02/09/1969 .

 

If you already know about Vietnam, you may not be surprised to hear that the vases, bowls, dishes, and other Bat Trang products have been exported worldwide. If you want to admire the artisans make ceramics by hand, come here! Moreover, you can also try! Calendar Sulang Bat Trang was established in the 14th century or 15th according to some documents. 

 

 

However, according to the villagers, the village may appear sooner. There are two stories related to the origin of the village. One of them said that under the Ly, in 1100, when the independent states and in the initial stages of growth, has three scholars returned from business trips to China included ceramics industries return to Vietnam and teaching for residents of Bat Trang. In another story, back to 10th century, when King Ly Cong Uan moved the capital to Thang Long, the establishment and development of craft villages; many entrepreneurs and artisans from many regions have come here to settle.

 

 At Bat Trang, which has a lot of white clay, many potters, including Nguyen Ninh Trang family, arrived and built the kiln here. Accordingly, Bat Trang has gradually changed from a normal ceramic village became a center of pottery and ceramics gio.Thoi famous until now elapsed, the village has grown and become popular with enamel quality and best design, popular in and outside the country. Foreign market popularity of Bat Trang are Japan (under the brand name "Kochi (Giao Chi) ware"), Dutch, English, Portuguese, Southeast Asia, ... Pottery & ceramics production process xuatDe well tiengQuy producing a complete product, one must follow three steps.

 

The first step is to make the frame. The artists selected suitable clay, process it and start implementing a crude product; so the crude product was edited to the most beautiful shape. Second, they decorated and enamelled products. Last but not least, the crude product is heated for 3 days and 3 nights. There are many types of ovens, but the temperature must be at 1200 degrees C or 1300 degrees C. After firing, the products are launched, grading and repair if errors. 

 

Since it launched the finished product a popular product categories bought away from home hao.Cac Bat Trang products are divided into 3 categories based on the intended use: - Furniture handy: includes all kinds of plates, bowls, cups of tea, warm tea, bottles, flasks, vases ... the other thing is these products of a thickness greater than the product of the worship Quoc.- Supplies: includes all kinds of candelabra, candlesticks, incense burners, altar boxes, ... these are for the valuable collectibles years depending on the manufacturer, the name of the manufacturer and the name of the worker gom.- decorations: the model homes, altars , statues and furniture is truc.Diem especially decorated on diverse products.

 

 

 Thanks to a long history of development, the village's pottery products have been accumulating a lot of different designs. Bat Trang pottery is distinguished also by enamel, with high quality and varied colors, such as blue, brown, white, green moss, with both yeast and yeast tron.Thuc cracked fact, have appeared a number of competition in domestic and international high-tech advantage. However, most customers prefer handmade products containing historical values ​​and traditions. Therefore, there is nothing surprising in Bat Trang artisans still busy every day. More importantly, the village is now also very popular tourist destination attracting a large number of tourists every year to visit and purchase pottery.

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